Then I awoke. 27The seven lean and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven thin ears scorched by the east wind will be seven years of famine. 13:25. Exod. See Special Topic at 15:15. 34Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers in charge of the land, and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven years of abundance. Not only are they uniquely Egyptian terms, but the entire context is culturally Egyptian. ▣ "there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh" Pharaoh apparently had more honest wise men than Nebuchadnezzar, who did not trust his magi enough to give them the content of his dreams lest they make up an interpretation (cf. Gen. 45:8). ▣ "they grazed in the marsh grass" This is another Egyptian loan word. Exodus 3, God's knowledge/action in vv. Ps. 44:25; Jer. This is parallel to the phrase used in Genesis 6-7 about the extent of the flood (cf. Egyptians shall honor Joseph's word (lit. ▣ "and all its wise men" This refers to the court counselors (BDB 481 construct BDB 314, cf. 21Yet when they had devoured them, it could not be detected that they had devoured them, for they were just as ugly as before. 41:9-12 "my own offenses" This paragraph refers to the events recorded in Genesis 40. 41:17-24 This is a slightly different form from the account of Pharaoh's dream found earlier in chapter 41. 19 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and gaunt, such ugliness as I have never seen in all the land of Egypt. 3:15; 12:3; Exod. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:9-13 39So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you are. 41:42 "his signet ring" This is from the same root as the verb "to sink down" (BDB 371), which may refer to the official ring sinking down in clay or wax to officially document something (cf. However, the Vulgate, Aquilla's Hebrew translation, Origen of Alexandria, and the Jewish commentator, Kimchi, all say that it means "to bow the knee," which comes from an ancient Hebrew root (BDB 7). "set him over the land of Egypt," v. 33, BDB 1011, KB 1483, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 3. The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials. The term "second" (BDB 1041) often refers to political or administrative offices (cf. 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11, 14) by non-Hebrews. Both are crucial (cf. 28:19-20; Luke 24:47; Acts 1:8)! The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years; it is one and the same dream. 184-307. 3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river. It is called the "Khamsin" in Egypt and it comes more from the south, southeast. He was standing by the Nile, 2 when up out of the Nile came seven cows, fine-looking and fat; they grazed in the reed grass. 7The thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. 4The ugly and gaunt cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. List all of the ways that Joseph's new position is described in vv. Before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On. Then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Pharaoh was once angry with his servants, and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard. 3. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. Gen. 37:2); (2) he became second in command of the nation of Egypt when he was thirty years old (cf. YHWH wants Egyptians to know Him! Every paragraph has one and only one subject. Daniel 2)! 36Let the food become as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine.". Pharaoh’s Dreams. Another possibility is "he who knows things," which would refer to Joseph as a dream interpreter. (39-41) Joseph’s promotion to second in the kingdom of Egypt. 32Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about. 1. vv. 25Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, "Pharaoh's dreams are one and the same; God has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:46-49 JPSOA) has been greatly debated. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. Note the hyperbole in the phrase "all the earth." He had him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command, Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt.”. 17:10 and Hosea 13:15. All rights reserved worldwide. They will later become the half-tribes who will inherit Joseph's double portion and will make up part of the twelve tribes (i.e., thirteen) of Israel. 25:3; Esther 2:7, NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:25-36 Q. 8Now in the morning his spirit was troubled, so he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all its wise men. Salem Media Group. 10Pharaoh was furious with his servants, and he put me in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, both me and the chief baker. Pharaoh’s Dreams. In the morning his mind was troubled, so he sent for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. He has earned degrees from East Texas Baptist College, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and has done post-graduat... More, ▣ "there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh", 41:14 "they hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon", ▣ "shaved himself and changed his clothes", 41:16 "It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer", 41:32 "the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about", 41:36 "so that the land may not perish during the famine", ▣ "put the gold necklace around his neck", 41:44 "no one shall raise his hand or foot", 41:45 "Then Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath-paneah", ▣ "and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of". 15Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I have had a dream, but no one can interpret it; and I have heard it said about you, that when you hear a dream you can interpret it." 48So he gathered all the food of these seven years which occurred in the land of Egypt and placed the food in the cities; he placed in every city the food from its own surrounding fields. 31So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it will be very severe. 10:2, 3. true revelation, Gen. 20:3; 28:12; Num. See Special Topic at 12:1. Dan. It can refer to, 1. all the places where Joseph stored the grain, 2. all the places where the Egyptians could buy grain throughout the land, 41:57 This verse describes the terrible drought and famine over the whole Near East and Mediterranean area. He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. Identify the subjects. Therefore, the verb "exact a fifth" (BDB 332, KB 331, Piel perfect) can refer to a taxation of 20%, which we learn was common in the Egyptian literature, or it might refer to a dividing of the land of Egypt into five administrative districts (AB, p. 313). The abundance in the land will not be remembered, because the famine that follows it will be so severe. but seven years of famine will follow them. 40:8). And all the world came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe everywhere. Notice that Pharaoh uses the same name for God as Joseph has used. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). 41:47-49 Joseph's dream interpretation was completely accurate. 2:28; Matt. 8:26; Jer. The cow was an obvious choice in an Egyptian dream concerning agricultural bounty (i.e., "sleek," BDB 421 [lit. Esther 1:13 and 6:13). Two years after the butler was released from prison, the same butler Joseph interpreted a dream for, the Pharaoh of Egypt had a dream and needed interpretation. 1. natural sleep, Ps. It fits the situation exactly. 52He named the second Ephraim, "For," he said, "God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.". They ruled from 1730 to 1570 b.c. After them, seven other heads sprouted—withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. "let Pharaoh take action," v. 34, BDB 793, KB 889, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 4. 49:22) by popular wordplay. When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. 41:45 "Then Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath-paneah" This is an official title (BDB 861) related to Pharaoh himself (cf. Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the land of Egypt. It must be noted that famine would have shown the failure of Egyptian religion (i.e., sun god, fertility gods, and the Nile itself) to be able to deliver Egypt, but YHWH could! In the context of chapter 41, the shalom may refer to Pharaoh's spirit ("his spirit was troubled") in 41:8. Gen 41:7 : And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. 52:24). We know from Egyptian sources that the cattle immersed themselves in the water along the Nile for several reasons: (1) to keep cool; (2) to keep the insects off; and (3) to eat the lush growth of marsh grass (BDB 28). 35Then let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh's authority, and let them guard it. God's providence functions on several levels! ▣ "put the gold necklace around his neck" This was a symbol of authority throughout Egyptian history, particularly in the 12th dynasty (cf. Dan. Genesis 41:7 And the thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven plump, ripe ones. 7:11, AB, p. 313). 16Joseph then answered Pharaoh, saying, "It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer." 47:20-26). When he had shaved and changed his clothes, he came before Pharaoh. The etymology of the term is uncertain, but most Egyptologists assume it is from the phrase "the great house" (BDB 829, i.e., the house of the gods). With these figures it is possible to see that he had remained in jail approximately thirteen years. Many assume that it had to be during the Hyksos period known as "the Shepherd Kings," who were apparently Semitic, not Egyptian (see AB, p. 316). 41:44 "no one shall raise his hand or foot" This is an idiom for "no work or effort shall start or continue without Joseph's permission." Describe magicians and their function in the Ancient Near East. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.”, So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt.”.
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